There are several disorders that may cause the penis to have an abnormal shape or curve. Aside from severe genetic birth defects, many disorders can be treated successfully so that the penis will function as it should. Below are five of the most popular penis problems which can cause pain, discomfort, and limit sexual activity.
The Penis Fracture
The penis fracture occurs when the penis is bent beyond a certain point during an erection. If bent too far, a membrane within the penis called the tunica albuginea may tear and cause pain and bruising. This membrane covers a key area of the penis, called the corpora cavernosa, which actually creates the erection when it fills with blood. A fracture is usually accompanied by a cracking or popping sound during sexual activity.
In severe cases the fracture must be treated surgically and should be taken care of immediately. If the fracture is left untreated, a curvature may develop and other complications may be experienced such as erectile dysfunction or pain during sex.
Phimosis and Paraphimosis
The condition whereby the foreskin cannot be retracted past the head of the penis is called phimosis. This is more likely to seen in pre-pubescent boys and typically becomes less of a problem after puberty. If the condition persists to adulthood, problems can arise.
The main cause of phimosis is that the slit in the foreskin is too narrow and will not allow it to slide over the glans penis (or head). In adults, this can lead to problems urinating and create sexual issues.
Another cause is that the foreskin is fused to the head of the penis. This is actually somewhat common in boys but abnormal for adults.
A serious condition called paraphimosis can arise when the foreskin is partially retracted behind the head of the penis. Swelling of the foreskin may create a problem in allowing it to return to its normal position. If left in this state too long, the penis may become painfully swollen and strangulation could occur, thereby restricting proper circulation.
Trauma to the penis caused by phimosis or paraphimosis could lead to abnormal bulging or curvatures.
Non-surgical treatment is often successful and may involve the use of steroid creams or specialized devices. Penile extenders have been shown to be able to stretch the foreskin while at the same time lengthen the penis thereby permanently expanding the foreskin’s opening and mitigating or eliminating the problem.
Peyronie’s disease is a condition whereby scar-tissue (or fibrous plaques) builds-up on the tissues forming the tunica albuginea which encase the corpora cavernosa. The result of this build-up is typically an abnormal penile curvature or other times a prominent indentation on the penis shaft.
This disease may cause pain, erectile dysfunction, and a shortening of the penis.
The exact causes of Peyronie’s are questionable but it is thought to be brought on by some type of injury or perhaps a genetic issue. When genetically related, men often develop another type of problem in the hands and feet called fibrosis.
For some men, Peyronie’s may disappear over time but for others it may require medical treatment. Several methods are available to treat the condition which includes medication, surgery, and therapeutic devices.
As with phimosis, penile extenders have been shown to reduce the effects of Peyronie’s to a satisfactory level while restoring or adding to the length or the penis. Certain drugs and supplements have been known to help reduce the symptoms of the disease also. Surgery is considered as a last resort and reserved only for the most sever cases.
A curve in the penis may be slight or it may be close to 90 degrees and is most evident during an erection. The things that may cause a curvature or misshapen penis are many and a slight bend could even be considered normal.
Below is a list of the most common reasons why the penis may be abnormally shaped or bent.
- Congenital curvature (genetic, heredity, etc.)
- Fractures or other injury during sex or masturbation
- Abnormal masturbation habits preventing proper foreskin retraction
- Phimosis or paraphimosis
- Peyronie’s disease
- Scar tissue from surgery or disease
- Birth defects such as hypospadias, etc.
If you believe that you might have a serious problem that is causing your penis to be abnormally shaped then you should seek medical help. Get a professional diagnosis before attempting to treat your condition and a second opinion is always a good idea.